EM Effective Microorganism

The History of One Organics EM Effective Microorganism’s Part 3

The History of One Organic’s EM Effective Microorganism Part 3

Following on from my previous post on the history of One Organic’s EM Effective Microorganism development once the results from the nursery trials were completed the plants need to be accessed so One Organic enlisted the support of several universities to evaluate the health and vitality of the plants along with medium in which the plants had been grown.

The findings were nothing short of amazing from start to finish the seedings only required 1/3 of the amount of water and because of the addition of the Effective Microorganism’s the plants were able to utilise more efficiently the nutrients in the mix this meant that in the long term there would be a reduction in the cost of materials for additives.

What was also noticed was that the by-product of the plants that didn’t sell were able to be more effectively composted which meant there were opportunities for One Organic to increase its product lines by allowing customers to buy organic compost and a very competitive price as the materials from prior production could be utilised more effectively. This was an unexpected result and totally in-line with One Organic ethos of not wasting anything and trying to maintain low prices to make their plants more affordable to farmers and the domestic farmers.

The results of these trials are not to be understated in a world where water is becoming more scarce and top soils are depleting by the hour and by product from pollution is costs tens of millions to deal with these results were nothing short of remarkable. Upon receiving the news from the universities and witnessing the inhouse results from the trials the directors were inspired to further develop the Effective Microorganism’s with the view to having their customers buy organic compost at the farmers markets they were servicing.

Once these trials were completed there was a round the table meeting between the directors and all the parties involved to see how viable it would be to commence a trial in utilising effective microorganism in agriculture. You see although One Organic was growing in a purpose built nursery that was designed to grow in condition’s as close as possible to nature there was some protection from the elements in terms of insect netting / sun and rain so now was the time to commence the next phase of the trial which would acid test the effective microorganism’s ability to perform in much harsher conditions.

To be cont.

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Effective Microorganism EM

The History of One Organic’s Effective Microorganism EM Part 2

The History of One Organic’s Effective Microorganism EM Part 2

Following on from my previous post on the history of One Organic’s Effective Microorganism EM development its important to note that the director came from an industrial engineering and science background so he was well versed in the benchmark testing that would be required to ensure that the final products had solid integrity. The following steps list the process that was defined to produce the desired outcome.

• Research how other companies produced their EM’S
• Identify the world leaders in their area of production.
• Travel to the various producers and have conversations with microbiologists
• Speak to Universities and other scientific organisations to discuss benchmark testing methods and how field / in house trials could take place.
• Once these structures and procedures were documented and agreed upon commence the trials.
Step 1: Produce stable and effective microorganism’s
Step 2: Find ways to extend the shelf life of the product and insure potency
Step 3: Have the bacteria scientifically tested to identify the species and numbers and stress test the product to insure its viability over time.
Step 4: Once the scientific results were available commence an inhouse trial.
Step 5: An inhouse trial commenced in the organic vegetable nursery in Byron Bay whereby one batch of seedlings was given the EM’s over the duration of 1 month and it was compared to another batch of organic seedlings that were not grown using the inhouse EM’s
Step 6: Time lapse cameras were setup to monitor the progress of both the batches so that comparison studies could take place.
Step 7: Both batches were had identical varieties to see if there would be differing results across multiple varieties. Initially the varieties were confined to veggies mostly soft leaf with some brassicas.
Step 8: After one month the soft leaf veggies were inspected and benchmarked for size / health and root development and the conclusion was they the ones that were given the effective microorganisms produced inhouse were more abundant / healthier / advanced more quickly and had better root development. Aside from these results it was also determined that the plants seemed to use less water and be more resilient to the heat.
Step 9: One Organic wanted to see the effect of the effective microorganisms on the brassica’s AND the results were the same as with the soft leafy varieties.

To be cont…

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Effective Microorganisms

The History of One Organics Effective Microorganisms Part -1

The History of One Organics Effective Microorganisms Part 1:

Effective Microorganisms are used in agriculture and many different growing environments depending on the needs of the end users. The original EM’s were developed by Professor Teruo Higa, and are known the world over as EM1. One Organic being a certified organic seedling nursery started to research the power of EM’s and decided to develop their own beneficial bacteria to use in the nursery and in farming. This development started in 2009 and still continues to this day with thousands of clients throughout Australia and other parts of the world using these powerful organisms.

The motivation for One Organic to producte its own effective microorganisms em was driven by a need to be in control of the process. The company originally bought EM’s from other companies to trial them and whilst the results were excellent it was costly and being an innovative company, they felt the need to produce their own in order to better meet the needs of their clients.

You see One Organic has thousands of clients mostly home gardeners that need help to insure their gardens are productive. In the early days One Organic used to direct their clients to buy organic compost and effective micro-organisms from other companies but the feedback that they received was that the products were too expensive and complicated to produce and also required time to prepare.

Their clients had busy lives running businesses and their family lives and often they would become distracted half way through the process and the effective microorganisms would spoil which would result in a loss of time and money. Additionally, sometimes their organisms would not keep and create more negative outcomes than positive ones.

Another motivation for producing its own microorganisms was so that they could be used in livestock management and in the production of organic compost which could be purchased by their clients and used around the farm.

So, One Organic set about creating beneficial bacteria’s that were powerful and ready to use but it was most important to ensure that the end product was stable effective and ready to use plus had a long shelf life, so it was necessary to do many controlled trials of the bacteria’s both in the nursery and on the farm to gauge the outcomes. This was not an easy task as there were many variables such as soil conditions which vary from one part of Australia to the next and if they were to be sold on an international level there would be further challenges.

To be cont.

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Effective microorganisms em

What are Effective Microorganisms (EM) and What are The Benefits

What are Effective Microorganisms (EM) and What are The Benefits

Effective microorganisms em is a liquid culture of specific microbes that can provide amazing benefits to your organic garden when combined together in specific proportions. Microbes lives in air with oxygen, and also in low oxygen conditions. Effective microorganisms (em) are also called fermenting microbes and used to make bread, beer, wine and yogurt. Many locally-sourced microbes are inoculations which are found all over the world, and when we put them together, the magic begins.

Effective microorganisms (em) is not something you can make at home, but you can buy it from a manufacturer with the equipment and knowledge to put them together in exactly the right climatic conditions. They are very effective in removing plant diseases also.

Effective microorganisms (em) are generic terms to describe many different brands of similar products that exist, but in reality, (EM) and Effective Microorganisms are either registered trademarks or trademarks of (EM) Research Organization’s who create and sell organic compost and effective microorganisms.

It is important how these Effective microorganisms (em’s) work together and provide for each other to contribute a host of benefits to our organic garden. They create a lot of antioxidants, controlled breakdown of organic matter, and according to some people, an extremely positive energy force.

Effective microorganisms were originally developed and used in agriculture to improve compost and soil. It was even found to have a beneficial effect on other microbes in the soil, coaxing them to get to work. Aside from regenerating and conditioning damaged soils they are also used in a number of other applications such as animal husbandry and the purification of water systems.

Effective microorganisms can be sprayed on the soil, used for seeds or transplants, organic plant protector and irrigation systems. Effective microorganisms (em) are useful in growing nursery crops, container grown plants, hydroponics and in a huge variety of vineyard applications.

Effective microorganisms (em) will improve the structure of the soil, increase its fertility and radically improve biological diversity – (EM) will suppress soil borne pathogens, both through their direct action and the probiotic substances they produce. The microbes in Effective microorganisms (em) work by being dominant over other soil microbes.

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EM can be used in a huge variety of horticulture applications

EM can be used to inoculate plants, water and soil to achieve beneficial results in growth and plant immunology.

It can be sprayed on the soil as a pre-planting treatment, used to inoculate seeds or transplants, and applied to growing crops as a foliar spray or through irrigation systems. EM is useful in growing nursery crops, container grown plants, hydroponics and in a huge variety of vineyard applications.

OEM will improve the structure of the soil, increase its fertility and radically improve biological diversity – EM will suppress soil borne pathogens, both through their direct action and the probiotic substances they produce. The microbes in EM work by being dominant over other soil microbes. As a result, this encourages the bulk of the other microbes in the soil to ‘follow’ them and in doing so suppress the activity of the smaller group of negative or ‘opportunistic’ microbes.

After crops are harvested EM can also be used to breakdown crop residues in green manures.

EM can be used in a huge variety of horticulture applications ,for more details visit the below links:

EM Horticulture Applications

Pre-Planting:

Between two and three weeks before planting, apply a 1:100 dilution of OEM to the soil as a spray. Remove weeds that emerge after 10-14 days.

Apply 10 Litres OEM once per Hectare

Seed Treatment:

Gardeners may want to try soaking seeds in a solution of OEM before planting to increase seed viability. Dilute OEM with water at a ratio of 1:1,000.

Soak seeds in solution for 5-10 minutes only and then air dry and plant as usual.

Experiment with small batches before treating larger quantities.

Nursery / Container-grown Plants:

Inoculate with OEM at seeding and transplant stages, then on a monthly basis thereafter.

Use a standard dilution of 1:100. Orchid growers have achieved good results by inoculating with OEM immediately after planting in sterile media.

Vegetables, Fruit & Herbs:

Spray the standard dilution of 1:100 onto the plants.

Apply as a pre-planting treatment, again at planting/transplanting and every three to four weeks during crop growth.

Post Harvest:

Apply also to crop residues after harvest, just before incorporating residues into the soil. Use 10 litres of OEM  per Hectare, diluted with the appropriate amount of water for each application.

Orchard Crops:

For crops such as apples and pears, apply OEM immediately after fall harvest, along with other amendments. Spray plants and soil thoroughly, applying 10 litre of OEM per Hectare at a dilution ration of 1:100 or 1:1,000.

Repeat this treatment weekly until the first frost and cease application until spring. Resume application after the last spring fronds emerge and continue until the fruit is fully formed.

Stop applying OEM before ripening begins.

Hydroponic Systems

In hydroponic crop production systems, OEM can be diluted with the nutrient solution at a rate of 1:10,000. This practice will coat the root systems with beneficial micro-organisms and make nutrient uptake more efficient. The EM will also breakdown unwanted waste products and at the same time produce probiotics and antioxidants which will keep your plants healthy and vigorous and harvested plants ‘fresher’ for longer.

Data/Results

View the PDF showing EM research on controlling Pythium root rot

View the PDF showing Fungal Protection with EM as a Foliar Treatment

Horticulture Image Gallery

 

The Effect of EM with Animal Husbandry

The Effect of EM with Animal Husbandry

When considering your animal husbandry, it is important to look at all aspects. Not only ideal production, but animal health as well, that is why it is also important for animal enterprises to operate under hygienic conditions. By doing this, it ensures the best productivity, and creates a healthy environment, ideal for all levels of animal husbandry. EM can work across a wide range of animal husbandry benefits, from hygiene, to increased production and even odour control. When using EM in many various applications (below) you can achieve great results. EM has shown results for a wide range of animals, including sheep, cattle, chicken, pigs, and even dogs.

Some of these results include;

  • Suppression of foul odours, in both septic tanks and livestock sheds
  • A noticeable reduction in harmful insects such as flies and ticks, very important for dairy farms
  • Less disease, which reduces the needs for regular medicines and antibiotics resulting in lower veterinary bills
  • Higher quality of produce yields
  • Significant increase in egg production
  • Dust and noxious gases cause by waste significantly reduced
  • Increased fat contents of milk
  • An increase in animal fecundity

Key applications for EM in conjunction with animal husbandry:

  1. EM can be mixed into the drinking water
  2. EM applied in septic tanks collecting animal waste, reduces odour and flies
  3. EM Bokashi can be spread in areas such as the bedding areas
  4. EM activated can be sprayed around the animal shed
  5. EM with Bokashi can be added to the feed

Read this article on research done on animal production in Vietnam

Relevant News Articles

How EM can improve your Calves

Using EM in Calf Rearing has a number of benefits for both the animal and the system and will help limit problems generated from high density animal living. Intensive animal production systems involving housing of animals and high density living space, often create issues around animal health and odour problems. EM technology can be great tool for these intensive animal systems.

Free Range Egg Producer Talks about Impact EM has had on Operation

Bill Tenbrook Free Range Egg Producer from Matamata talks about his EM Experience. He begun using EM to reduce the odour and improve the health of the animals.

Treating Calves with EM

Using EM Animal this Calving will help ensure they get the best possible start and develop into a productive milker.

Livestock Control – Eliminating Odors

Livestock and Dairy operations can produce very high levels of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide. Nitrogen in food sources produces ammonia and hydrogen sulfide gases during digestion that is released into the air by livestock as the food passes through excretion. These gases cause an obvious unpleasant odor and can also lead to health problems and physical damage to animals, adversely affecting overal

Increase in Feed Utilisation

Low forage digestibility continues to limit the intake of available energy by ruminants. Studies have shown our inoculants have beneficial effects on cell wall constituents’ degradability and thus utilization of high fibre diets. Inclusion of a protein-rich feed ingredient in the formulation of ruminant rations enhances feed utilization.

Improved Rumen Function

Microorganisms in the digestive tracts of ruminant livestock have a profound influence on the conversion of feed into end-products which have a huge impact on the animal. By improving rumen function we can see benefits in production and the health and vitality of the animal.

Results of EM with Lamb growth

A mob of randomly select in-lambs two tooth ewes we split into two groups, one grazed on pastures sprayed with EM and given access to EM treated drinking water, and the other kept as a control without EM treatment.
Liveweights were recorded in 2 week intervals.

Another similar study was done, testing the effect of EM when sprayed onto pastures and the subsequent influence on lamb growth growth rates over a summer-autumn period. EM was expanded with molasses and was given to the farmer to apply as a boon sprayed product with water to his pastures.

SHG Surjyodhigi is a progressive farmers Group, who are doing different experiments with EM Technology with animals especially in pigs. They started trialing on EM Technology on a Pig farm, as per farmer’s view when he used EM Technology the growth rate of his pigs were 10 to 12 kg per month. As a result the pig becomes ready for sale before the expected month.

 

The many uses of Effective Micro-organisms

Agriculture Image Gallery

How microbes affect the soil and the food we eat

Effective Microorganisms (EM) are mixed cultures of beneficial naturally-occurring organisms that can be applied as inoculants to increase the microbial diversity of soil ecosystem. They consist mainly of the photosynthesizing bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, yeasts, actinomycetes and fermenting fungi. These microorganisms are physiologically compatible with one another and can coexist in liquid culture. There is evidence that EM inoculation to the soil can improve the quality of soil, plant growth and yield (Kengo and Hui-lian, 2000).

Background and Concept of Effective Microorganisms

Photo courtesy of Nadia Lawton. Taken at PRI Zaytuna Farm.
Photo courtesy of Nadia Lawton. Taken at PRI Zaytuna Farm.

Healthy soil ecology has the capability of protecting plants against soil associated diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms and parasites. The soil system offers this protection through a balanced relationship between pathogenic and billions of beneficial microorganisms working together in synergy. The presence of these beneficial microorganisms in any soil system is what precisely distinguishes a “living soil”from a “dead soil”. They decompose and ferment organic fraction of the soil system converting it into humus containing nutrients while releasing hormones that facilitate plant growth. They are responsible for providing hormones, nutrients and minerals in a useable form to the plants through the root system. In addition, they bring together soil particles in the soil structure enabling it to retain nutrients and moisture (Kengo and Hui-lian, 2000).

Soil ecosystem can therefore be regarded as a “living system”costing of diverse groups of microorganisms. For this reason, farmers had long before been using animal manures, composts and “compost tea”which is a liquid extract of compost that also contains plant growth compounds and beneficial microorganisms. These mixtures could then be applied to soil and crops to improve the soil quality and help protect crop plants against microbiological infections (Ghosh et al., 2004).

Composted organic materials including animal manures have natural populations of diverse micro-organisms. Many of these organisms exert beneficial effects upon introduction to the soil system. However, they are soon overtaken and suppressed by the natural inhabitants of the soil ecosystem. Building on this practice, microbiologists have developed effective micro-organisms consisting mainly of billions of the beneficial microorganisms that have been isolated from the same natural organic amendments and environments.

Beneficial Effects of Effective Microorganisms

The beneficial effects of micro-organisms introduced with the application of composts, animal manure and “compost tea”are often short lived leaving crop plants exposed to soil associated conditions. On application, EM mixtures are also subjected to the same conditions in the soil environment. However, the main advantage the effective microorganisms have over natural organisms in organic amendments is that in EM, beneficial microorganisms are in much greater numbers, and in optimally-balanced populations when introduced. They would therefore persist in the soil environment for a much longer time enough to bring about the beneficial effects.

Photo courtesy of Nadia Lawton. Taken at PRI Zaytuna Farm.
Photo courtesy of Nadia Lawton. Taken at PRI Zaytuna Farm.

Studies have shown that, not only does the use of effective microorganisms in agricultural soil suppress soil-borne pathogens, but also increases the decomposition of organic materials and consequently the availability of mineral nutrients and important organic compounds to plants (Singh et al., 2003). In addition, EM enhances the activities of beneficial indigenous micro organisms, for example mycorrhizae which fix atmospheric nitrogen thereby supplementing the use of chemical fertiliser and pesticides. Improvement in soil fertility has significant positive effect on plant growth, flowering, fruit development and ripening in crops (Lévai et al., 2006).

Introduction of a population of beneficial bacteria (EM) in the soil have a supporting effect in reducing soil associated microbiological diseases. The inoculation of EM stimulates “Rotation effect”, an occurrence that comes as a result of regeneration of beneficial organisms and elimination of pathogenic bacteria. Disease suppression is brought about by the competion for available resources between the disease causing microbes in the soil and beneficial microbes introduced in EM. As a result of this, an enhanced population of effective microorganisms through inoculation will deplete the available resources in the soil leading to reduction of pathogenic microorganisms due to starvation (Johan and Jesper, 2005).

The mainstays of EM are the photosynthetic bacteria (Rhodopseudomonas spp.), lactic acid bacteria, (Lactobacillus spp.) and yeasts (Saccharomyces spp.) (Zuraini et al., 2010). The photosynthetic bacteria are independent self sustaining microorganisms. They harvest energy from the sun and soil heat and use it to convert exudates from root systems, soil organic fraction and gases such as ammonia into building materials of cells such as amino acids, nucleic acids and sugars.

These can all be absorbed directly into plants to promote plant growth and also in the soil system promote and maintain the growth and establishment of other beneficial microorganisms. For example, Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza (VAM fungi), known to enhance the plant’s absorption capability of soil phosphates, increases in the root zone in the presence of amino acids secreted by the beneficial bacteria. In addition, in the soil ecosystem, The VAM fungi live in association with Azotobacter and Rhizobium which increase the capacity of plants to fix Nitrogen.

The lactic acid bacteria in EM are known to produce lactic acid from sugars and carbohydrates the photosynthetic bacteria and yeasts in EM produce. Lactic acid has sterilizing effects and it presence in the soil checks the proliferation of nematode population and offers protection against nematode associated plant diseases. Lactic acid bacteria in EM also participate in the breakdown of cellulolytic and lignified organic materials in the soil (Ouwehand, 1998).

On the other hand, the yeasts in EM produce hormones and enzymes that are known to promote plant cell and root division. They utilize the amino acids and sugars secreted by the photosynthetic bacteria and plant roots and in turn produce growth factors for the lactic acid bacteria. It can therefore be concluded that, the different species of organisms in EM complement each other and are in a mutually beneficial relationship with the roots of plants in the soil ecosystem. Plants would therefore grow exceptionally well in soils inhabited and dominated by these Effective Microorganisms (Pei-Feng et al., 2014).

References

Ghosh, P.K., Ramesh, P., Bandyopadhay, K.K., Tripathi, A.K., Hati, K.M. and Misra, A.K. (2004). Comparative effectiveness of cattle manure, poultry manure, phosphocompost and fertilizer-NPK on three cropping systems in vertisoils of semi-arid tropic. 1. Crop yields and systems in performance. Bioresource Technology, 95: 77-83.

Johan, S and Jesper, M. (2005). Antifungal lactic acid bacteria as biopreservatives. Trends Food Sci Tech., 1: 70-78.

Kengo, Y. and Hui-lian, X. (2000). Properties and applications of an organic fertilizer inoculated with effective microorganisms. Journal of Crop production, 3(1): 255-268.

Lévai, L., Veres, S.Z., Makleit, P., Marozsán, M., Szabó, B. (2006). New trends in plant nutrition. Proceedings of 41st Croatian and 1st International Symposium on Agriculture, ISBN 953-6331-39-X, pp. 435-436.

Ouwehand, A (1998). Antimicrobial components from lactic acid bacteria. In Lactic acid bacteria Microbiology and Functional Aspects ed Salminen, S Von Wright A., pp.139-159.New York:Marcel Dekker Inc.

Pei-Feng, S., Wei-Ta, F., Li-Ying, S., Jyuan-Yu, W., Shih-Feng, F. and Jui-Yu, C. (2014). Indole-3-Acetic Acid-Producing Yeasts in the Phyllosphere of the Carnivorous Plant Drosera indica L. PLoS One 9(12): e114196.

Singh, D.S., Chand, S, Anvar, M. and Patra (2003). Effect of organic and inorganic amendment on growth and nutrient accumulation by Isabgol (Plantago ovata) in sodic soil under greenhouse conditions. J. Med. Arom. Plant Sci., 25: 414-419.

Zuraini, Z., Sanjay, G. and Noresah. M. (2010). Effective Microorganism (EM) technology for water quality restoration and potential for sustainable water resources and management. Proceedings of the International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software Modelling for Environment’s Sake, Fifth Biennial Meeting held between 5th- 8th July 2010, Ontario Canada.

Effective Micro-organisms Explained

One Organics EM’s (Effective Microorganisms) consist of a wide variety of effective, beneficial and non-pathogenic microorganisms. They are produced through a natural process and not chemically synthesized or genetically engineered. EM’s have a broad application and come in a liquid form for ease of use. EM’s are beneficial to plants, animals, and humans.

One Organics EM’s are derived from the fermentation of food through this process we are able to harness lactobacillus which assists in the health and wellbeing of all forms of plant species.

The application rate is:

1ml of EM’s to 1 litre of water this means that you can get 1,000 litres of Effective Microorganisms from 1 litre

The shelf life can be as long and 1-3 years provided the product is managed correctly.