The Effect of EM with Animal Husbandry

The Effect of EM with Animal Husbandry

When considering your animal husbandry, it is important to look at all aspects. Not only ideal production, but animal health as well, that is why it is also important for animal enterprises to operate under hygienic conditions. By doing this, it ensures the best productivity, and creates a healthy environment, ideal for all levels of animal husbandry. EM can work across a wide range of animal husbandry benefits, from hygiene, to increased production and even odour control. When using EM in many various applications (below) you can achieve great results. EM has shown results for a wide range of animals, including sheep, cattle, chicken, pigs, and even dogs.

Some of these results include;

  • Suppression of foul odours, in both septic tanks and livestock sheds
  • A noticeable reduction in harmful insects such as flies and ticks, very important for dairy farms
  • Less disease, which reduces the needs for regular medicines and antibiotics resulting in lower veterinary bills
  • Higher quality of produce yields
  • Significant increase in egg production
  • Dust and noxious gases cause by waste significantly reduced
  • Increased fat contents of milk
  • An increase in animal fecundity

Key applications for EM in conjunction with animal husbandry:

  1. EM can be mixed into the drinking water
  2. EM applied in septic tanks collecting animal waste, reduces odour and flies
  3. EM Bokashi can be spread in areas such as the bedding areas
  4. EM activated can be sprayed around the animal shed
  5. EM with Bokashi can be added to the feed

Read this article on research done on animal production in Vietnam

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How EM can improve your Calves

Using EM in Calf Rearing has a number of benefits for both the animal and the system and will help limit problems generated from high density animal living. Intensive animal production systems involving housing of animals and high density living space, often create issues around animal health and odour problems. EM technology can be great tool for these intensive animal systems.

Free Range Egg Producer Talks about Impact EM has had on Operation

Bill Tenbrook Free Range Egg Producer from Matamata talks about his EM Experience. He begun using EM to reduce the odour and improve the health of the animals.

Treating Calves with EM

Using EM Animal this Calving will help ensure they get the best possible start and develop into a productive milker.

Livestock Control – Eliminating Odors

Livestock and Dairy operations can produce very high levels of ammonia and hydrogen sulfide. Nitrogen in food sources produces ammonia and hydrogen sulfide gases during digestion that is released into the air by livestock as the food passes through excretion. These gases cause an obvious unpleasant odor and can also lead to health problems and physical damage to animals, adversely affecting overal

Increase in Feed Utilisation

Low forage digestibility continues to limit the intake of available energy by ruminants. Studies have shown our inoculants have beneficial effects on cell wall constituents’ degradability and thus utilization of high fibre diets. Inclusion of a protein-rich feed ingredient in the formulation of ruminant rations enhances feed utilization.

Improved Rumen Function

Microorganisms in the digestive tracts of ruminant livestock have a profound influence on the conversion of feed into end-products which have a huge impact on the animal. By improving rumen function we can see benefits in production and the health and vitality of the animal.

Results of EM with Lamb growth

A mob of randomly select in-lambs two tooth ewes we split into two groups, one grazed on pastures sprayed with EM and given access to EM treated drinking water, and the other kept as a control without EM treatment.
Liveweights were recorded in 2 week intervals.

Another similar study was done, testing the effect of EM when sprayed onto pastures and the subsequent influence on lamb growth growth rates over a summer-autumn period. EM was expanded with molasses and was given to the farmer to apply as a boon sprayed product with water to his pastures.

SHG Surjyodhigi is a progressive farmers Group, who are doing different experiments with EM Technology with animals especially in pigs. They started trialing on EM Technology on a Pig farm, as per farmer’s view when he used EM Technology the growth rate of his pigs were 10 to 12 kg per month. As a result the pig becomes ready for sale before the expected month.


How microbes affect the soil and the food we eat

Effective Microorganisms (EM) are mixed cultures of beneficial naturally-occurring organisms that can be applied as inoculants to increase the microbial diversity of soil ecosystem. They consist mainly of the photosynthesizing bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, yeasts, actinomycetes and fermenting fungi. These microorganisms are physiologically compatible with one another and can coexist in liquid culture. There is evidence that EM inoculation to the soil can improve the quality of soil, plant growth and yield (Kengo and Hui-lian, 2000).

Background and Concept of Effective Microorganisms

Photo courtesy of Nadia Lawton. Taken at PRI Zaytuna Farm.
Photo courtesy of Nadia Lawton. Taken at PRI Zaytuna Farm.

Healthy soil ecology has the capability of protecting plants against soil associated diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms and parasites. The soil system offers this protection through a balanced relationship between pathogenic and billions of beneficial microorganisms working together in synergy. The presence of these beneficial microorganisms in any soil system is what precisely distinguishes a “living soil”from a “dead soil”. They decompose and ferment organic fraction of the soil system converting it into humus containing nutrients while releasing hormones that facilitate plant growth. They are responsible for providing hormones, nutrients and minerals in a useable form to the plants through the root system. In addition, they bring together soil particles in the soil structure enabling it to retain nutrients and moisture (Kengo and Hui-lian, 2000).

Soil ecosystem can therefore be regarded as a “living system”costing of diverse groups of microorganisms. For this reason, farmers had long before been using animal manures, composts and “compost tea”which is a liquid extract of compost that also contains plant growth compounds and beneficial microorganisms. These mixtures could then be applied to soil and crops to improve the soil quality and help protect crop plants against microbiological infections (Ghosh et al., 2004).

Composted organic materials including animal manures have natural populations of diverse micro-organisms. Many of these organisms exert beneficial effects upon introduction to the soil system. However, they are soon overtaken and suppressed by the natural inhabitants of the soil ecosystem. Building on this practice, microbiologists have developed effective micro-organisms consisting mainly of billions of the beneficial microorganisms that have been isolated from the same natural organic amendments and environments.

Beneficial Effects of Effective Microorganisms

The beneficial effects of micro-organisms introduced with the application of composts, animal manure and “compost tea”are often short lived leaving crop plants exposed to soil associated conditions. On application, EM mixtures are also subjected to the same conditions in the soil environment. However, the main advantage the effective microorganisms have over natural organisms in organic amendments is that in EM, beneficial microorganisms are in much greater numbers, and in optimally-balanced populations when introduced. They would therefore persist in the soil environment for a much longer time enough to bring about the beneficial effects.

Photo courtesy of Nadia Lawton. Taken at PRI Zaytuna Farm.
Photo courtesy of Nadia Lawton. Taken at PRI Zaytuna Farm.

Studies have shown that, not only does the use of effective microorganisms in agricultural soil suppress soil-borne pathogens, but also increases the decomposition of organic materials and consequently the availability of mineral nutrients and important organic compounds to plants (Singh et al., 2003). In addition, EM enhances the activities of beneficial indigenous micro organisms, for example mycorrhizae which fix atmospheric nitrogen thereby supplementing the use of chemical fertiliser and pesticides. Improvement in soil fertility has significant positive effect on plant growth, flowering, fruit development and ripening in crops (Lévai et al., 2006).

Introduction of a population of beneficial bacteria (EM) in the soil have a supporting effect in reducing soil associated microbiological diseases. The inoculation of EM stimulates “Rotation effect”, an occurrence that comes as a result of regeneration of beneficial organisms and elimination of pathogenic bacteria. Disease suppression is brought about by the competion for available resources between the disease causing microbes in the soil and beneficial microbes introduced in EM. As a result of this, an enhanced population of effective microorganisms through inoculation will deplete the available resources in the soil leading to reduction of pathogenic microorganisms due to starvation (Johan and Jesper, 2005).

The mainstays of EM are the photosynthetic bacteria (Rhodopseudomonas spp.), lactic acid bacteria, (Lactobacillus spp.) and yeasts (Saccharomyces spp.) (Zuraini et al., 2010). The photosynthetic bacteria are independent self sustaining microorganisms. They harvest energy from the sun and soil heat and use it to convert exudates from root systems, soil organic fraction and gases such as ammonia into building materials of cells such as amino acids, nucleic acids and sugars.

These can all be absorbed directly into plants to promote plant growth and also in the soil system promote and maintain the growth and establishment of other beneficial microorganisms. For example, Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza (VAM fungi), known to enhance the plant’s absorption capability of soil phosphates, increases in the root zone in the presence of amino acids secreted by the beneficial bacteria. In addition, in the soil ecosystem, The VAM fungi live in association with Azotobacter and Rhizobium which increase the capacity of plants to fix Nitrogen.

The lactic acid bacteria in EM are known to produce lactic acid from sugars and carbohydrates the photosynthetic bacteria and yeasts in EM produce. Lactic acid has sterilizing effects and it presence in the soil checks the proliferation of nematode population and offers protection against nematode associated plant diseases. Lactic acid bacteria in EM also participate in the breakdown of cellulolytic and lignified organic materials in the soil (Ouwehand, 1998).

On the other hand, the yeasts in EM produce hormones and enzymes that are known to promote plant cell and root division. They utilize the amino acids and sugars secreted by the photosynthetic bacteria and plant roots and in turn produce growth factors for the lactic acid bacteria. It can therefore be concluded that, the different species of organisms in EM complement each other and are in a mutually beneficial relationship with the roots of plants in the soil ecosystem. Plants would therefore grow exceptionally well in soils inhabited and dominated by these Effective Microorganisms (Pei-Feng et al., 2014).


Ghosh, P.K., Ramesh, P., Bandyopadhay, K.K., Tripathi, A.K., Hati, K.M. and Misra, A.K. (2004). Comparative effectiveness of cattle manure, poultry manure, phosphocompost and fertilizer-NPK on three cropping systems in vertisoils of semi-arid tropic. 1. Crop yields and systems in performance. Bioresource Technology, 95: 77-83.

Johan, S and Jesper, M. (2005). Antifungal lactic acid bacteria as biopreservatives. Trends Food Sci Tech., 1: 70-78.

Kengo, Y. and Hui-lian, X. (2000). Properties and applications of an organic fertilizer inoculated with effective microorganisms. Journal of Crop production, 3(1): 255-268.

Lévai, L., Veres, S.Z., Makleit, P., Marozsán, M., Szabó, B. (2006). New trends in plant nutrition. Proceedings of 41st Croatian and 1st International Symposium on Agriculture, ISBN 953-6331-39-X, pp. 435-436.

Ouwehand, A (1998). Antimicrobial components from lactic acid bacteria. In Lactic acid bacteria Microbiology and Functional Aspects ed Salminen, S Von Wright A., pp.139-159.New York:Marcel Dekker Inc.

Pei-Feng, S., Wei-Ta, F., Li-Ying, S., Jyuan-Yu, W., Shih-Feng, F. and Jui-Yu, C. (2014). Indole-3-Acetic Acid-Producing Yeasts in the Phyllosphere of the Carnivorous Plant Drosera indica L. PLoS One 9(12): e114196.

Singh, D.S., Chand, S, Anvar, M. and Patra (2003). Effect of organic and inorganic amendment on growth and nutrient accumulation by Isabgol (Plantago ovata) in sodic soil under greenhouse conditions. J. Med. Arom. Plant Sci., 25: 414-419.

Zuraini, Z., Sanjay, G. and Noresah. M. (2010). Effective Microorganism (EM) technology for water quality restoration and potential for sustainable water resources and management. Proceedings of the International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software Modelling for Environment’s Sake, Fifth Biennial Meeting held between 5th- 8th July 2010, Ontario Canada.

Our Amazing workers

It is with a heavy heart that we will no longer be able to host our 2nd year visa workers from overseas.

The government has passed legislation that says that as of the 30/10/2015 farms will no longer be able to host second year visa workers unless we pay Australian award wages. For those that don’t know there has been an exchange program that has run for years that was setup to assist farmers with voluntary labour in exchange for 88 days work on farms throughout Australia.

It was an amazing program for many reasons firstly because labour is the most expensive aspect of farming in Australia as its very labour intensive job but aside from that it was wonderful to meet these young people from all over the world they were such great company.

Unfortunately like all things there were some farms that played the system and instead of the government penalising them they abolished the program that will now see thousands of small farm doing it tougher than they already are.

This post is not a whinge its about shining a light on all these wonderful souls that gave up their time to help us and I would like you to take a minute and look over their smiling faces because they were a driving force that allowed us to provide you with high quality Organic Produce.

I have wanted to create this post for so long and I am sure there are some I have missed so ill go hunting and update it once I find them.

From the deaths of our heart our family thank you and I will miss you forever!!!!!!!!!


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